6. The rise of the Modern era and the intellectual Enlightenment of Europe during that time led to an emphasis on scientific reasoning and empirical decision-making. We might be inclined to think that the culture of that time was losing its focus on God or divinity, and replacing it with an emphasis on Nature, or science itself. Then again, perhaps a commitment to religion was still alive and well during this period. Carefully consider our assigned texts and comment.
7. John Lewis Gaddis, in The Landscape of History, makes extensive use of C. D. Friedrich’s The Wanderer above a Sea of Fog. Gaddis opens and closes the book with chapters that discuss this famous work of art. How is the painting related to Gaddis’ ideas concerning the nature of history and the task of the historian?
14. Neil Postman, in Amusing Ourselves to Death, notices what he takes to be important differences between Orwellian and Huxleyean pictures of the future. Describe the significance of those differences. Explain how that is related to the “problem” with television that seems to concern Postman.